However, UF/IFAS researchers have not collected enough data to make definitive statements on the threat the hybrid poses. Formosan subterranean termite nests are much larger than that of a native subterranean termite. Box 10569Pensacola, FL 32524. First, this species forms larger colonies than most subterranean termites. Relegated mainly to the south, these termites make large nests underground and reach homes through mud tubes as well. This species will start its swarming activity in late April to early May, and has now spread to many other locations across the state. A Formosan subterranean termite infestation is a serious problem, as these “super termites” cost American homeowners $1 billion a year in property damage, repairs and control methods. Bradenton FL. Figure by Rudolf Scheffrahn, University of Florida. Just one colony can contain several million of these pests vs. several hundred thousand of other subterranean termite varieties. 1-800-HELP-FLA (1-800-435-7352) or 1-800-FL-AYUDA (1-800-352-9832), Mon.–Fri. Formosan mud tube on infested boat. Estimated repair costs: a large but undetermined fraction of the $16.6 billion spent each year nationwide to repair damage caused by all termite species. Warning: You are leaving the FDACS website. Due to the large size of its colonies and its aggressive foraging behavior, the Formosan termite can be more destructive than native U.S. subterranean termite species. The species was brought to Japan when the U.S. was still a British colony, and it arrived in Hawaii shortly before 1900. Workers shuttle back and forth from the nest to foraging sites in underground tunnels that they excavate. In urban southeaster… The $16.6 billion figure is an estimate developed from 2010 data on pesticide sales; the actual figure in 2016 is probably slightly higher. As of 2019, the distribution of Formosan subterranean termite in the United States includes Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Mississippi, North and South Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas (Figure 2). The swarmers are attracted to lights and are often found around windows, light fixtures, windowsills, and spider webs in lighted areas. About Plans. Their bodies are pale yellow to brownish yellow in color. Formosans use mud tubes to travel above ground. In 08, however, the number of active stations increased rapidly and reached the peak of 122 by September. As of 2010, Formosan subterranean termite is found in all major urban areas of Florida (Figure 3). Area of Distribution:The Formosan subterranean termite (Coptotermes formosanus) has now become established in Florida and other southern At least one colony has been found In California (1995). Since 2000, Formosan and Asian termites have grown significantly in Florida. Drywood termites - Measure 3/8 to 1-inch long and appear white, off-white, or … The Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki, is one of the most destructive termite species in the world today. Often referred to as “super termites,” they are the most voracious, aggressive and devious of over 2,000 termite species known to science, chewing through wood, flooring and even wallpaper undetected. Riverview FL. Beginning in 2015, the Florida Department of Agriculture of Consumer Science (FDACS) began trapping the alates. All services require an appointment. Competitive Prices. They account for a large percentage of the stateâs termite-related damage. It was confirmed in laboratory settings that the mating resulted in vigorous hybrid colonies. What It Is: The Formosan subterranean termite is a member of the insect order Blattodea, which includes cockroaches and termites. This species can develop colonies containing several million termites, which relentlessly feed on structural lumber, utility poles and other wooden structures, leading to substantial economic loss. Make payments or register online to renew or obtain new licenses by selecting a keyword which best matches your license needs below. The Life of a Formosan Subterranean Termite. If you own a home or any other structure in Florida, educate yourself about the Formosan subterranean termite, the threat it poses to structures in this state, and options for protecting your investment. Competitive Prices. About Plans. The Life of a Formosan Subterranean Termite. Subterranean termites are the biggest threat the animal kingdom poses to Floridaâs homes and businesses. Established in several tropical and subtropical regions of the world. All other things being equal, termites that forage over larger areas are more likely to encounter structures. Ceilings that dip down. A suitable location for nesting should provide a constant moisture source and a readily available timber food source close by. ©2019-2020 Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer ServicesFlorida Capitol — Tallahassee, Florida 32399-0800Questions? Drywood termites are native to South Florida. What Is UF Doing About It? The swarmers are attracted to lights and are often found around windows, light fixtures, windowsills, and spider webs in lighted areas. Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki, soldier showing the ovoid head shape and large fontanelle that are characteristic of all Coptotermes species. Florida Cooperative Extension Service Circulation, ENT-51. Three States â Louisiana, and it arrived in Hawaii shortly before.... Of movement of the worst no responsibility for a link 's operation or content have grown in... The ovoid head shape and large fontanelle that are densely covered with small hairs Rudolf H.,. 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